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Physical violence and vulnerability to HIV/Aids in young homosexuals and bisexuals

physical Violence and vulnerability to HIV/Aids in young homosexuals and bisexuals to understand the perceptions of teenagers whom identify by themselves as homosexuals or bisexuals on experienced violence and determine correlations that are possible vulnerability to HIV/Aids.

Descriptive research by having a qualitative approach, utilising the social representation concept plus the idea of vulnerability with thematic content analysis, carried away in the immunodeficiency condition control center of a public university into the Southeast area of Brazil, which offered multidisciplinary care to HIV/Aids clients. Thirteen seroconverted people that are young between 13 and 24 years took part in the research. The choice criterion ended up being males who identified by themselves as homosexuals or bisexuals, in accordance with terminology found in the Epidemiologic Bulletin on Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS of this Ministry that is brazilian of.

Four thematic groups were discovered: “homophobia and bullying”, “sexual, domestic, and violence” that is institutional “search for support”, and “love and passion”.

Young homosexuals and bisexuals experienced repeated circumstances of abuse throughout youth and adolescence, seeing intimate, domestic, and violence that is institutional the absolute most painful and hard to confront, and which correlate to vulnerability to HIV/Aids.

Disease by the individual immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has documents of its historic show in Brazil since 1984. Right from the start regarding the epidemic as much as the present times, significant epidemiological modifications had been based in the population impacted. When you look at the very first ten years, with little to no knowledge on HIV and Aids, adult homosexuals, injection medication users, and intercourse employees were the absolute most predominant, representing a lot more than 70% of this notified instances. In mid 1990, the illness became common amongst heterosexual gents and ladies with low education and income level. Later, older people additionally became target associated with the HIV because of factors that are several such as for instance upsurge in durability, not enough information, and private values distinct from safe intercourse techniques. ( 1 , 2 )

Among kiddies, notification instances had been constantly increasing, particularly connected with straight transmission. Nonetheless, at the time of 2009, a change that is new the epidemiological profile of HIV/Aids had been found. The notifications revealed an increase that is significant homosexual and bisexual guys aged between 13 and 24 years. The sheer number of notifications nevertheless stays in an escalating curve before the current 12 months. ( 1 ) This aspect has caused shock and concern in researchers, educators, activists, and health care experts, such as for example nurses whom provide care to these people that are young. ( 3 5 ) issues are specifically directed towards vulnerability for this populace, whom, unlike older people and kids, has knowledge and quick access to information about preventive measures to HIV/Aids.

Numerous researchers bring nuances in their studies, regarding the circumstances of physical violence within the life of young adults; but, without further deepening and gaps that are leaving the relationship of physical physical violence because of the vulnerability of teenage boys who possess intercourse with males. ( 3 7 ) consequently, the question that is following: “Does physical physical violence, in its various types, make young homosexuals and bisexuals in danger of HIV/Aids?” Consequently, the goal of the writers regarding the current research had been to learn the perceptions of young adults whom identify on their own as homosexuals or bisexuals on experienced violence and determine feasible correlations with vulnerability to HIV/Aids.

A descriptive research having an approach that is qualitative carried call at the immunodeficiency disorder control center of a general public college when you look at the Southeast area of Brazil, which offers multidisciplinary care to HIV/Aids clients.

The social representation concept additionally the idea of vulnerability were utilized as theoretical methodological framework. The very first seeks knowledge comes from lifestyle to cope with a subject that is particular rendering it familiar, along with looking for dimensions for the imaginary and affective, transcending dichotomy between cognition and feeling. ( 8 ) The second examines early speeches of vulnerability to HIV, understanding them and producing substrates to intervene on it within the three interdependent plans proposed: specific, social, and programmatic. ( 9 )

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